Previously, I’ve introduced the drum rudiments.

I’m following Vic Firth’s free “40 essential rudiments” guide to master these drum rudiments.

How to learn the drum rudiments – A Structure

The guide classifies the various drum rudiments into 4 tiers, specially designed for new drummers. Tier 1 contains the most fundamental beats in the list of 40 rudiments, and the subsequent tiers build up on the beats learnt in the previous tier.

Tier 1

Tier 1 contains the most fundamental drum rudiments. These include: Single Stroke Roll, Multiple Bounce Roll, Double Stroke Open Roll, Single Paradiddle, Flam and Drag.



Tier 2

These drum rudiments build on those in Tier 1. Most of them are expansions of the rudiments in Tier 1.

They include: Single Stroke Four, Single Stroke Seven, Double Paradiddle, Triple Paradiddle, Paradiddle-diddle, Five Stroke Roll, Nine Stroke Roll, Seven Stroke Roll, Flam Tap, Flam Accent, Lesson 25 (yes, that’s its name), Single Drag Tap.


Tier 3

Drum rudiments here build on those in Tier 2.

They include: Thirteen Stroke Roll, Fifteen Stroke Roll, Seventeen Stroke Roll, Six Stroke Roll, Ten Stroke Roll, Eleven Stroke Roll, Single Dragadiddle, Drag Paradiddle #1, Drag Paradiddle #2, Flammed Mill, Swiss Army Triplet, Flamacue.


Tier 4

Drum rudiments here build on those in Tier 3.

They include: Triple Stroke Roll, Flam Paradiddle, Pataflafla, Double Drag Tap, Flam Paradiddle-Diddle, Single Ratamacue, Double Ratamacue, Triple Ratamacue, Inverted Flam Tap, Flam Drag.


With this learning structure, it is way easier to get started.

Just download the Tier 1 drum rudiment image (Right click > Save Image As) and start picking up drum rudiments.

I will be creating articles about what I have learnt for each drum rudiment. However, Tier 1 rudiments are mostly straightforward (except for the flam and the drag, IMHO). So get started!

How to Practice

If you have access to a drum kit, you can practice the drum rudiments using the snare drum. Otherwise, you can practice using a drum practice pad. I’m using the Vic Firth Single Sided, 6 inch Drum Pad, you can read my review here.

For a start, determine how the drum rudiment should sound like. You can do that using YouTube videos (free), or if you’d like to have a guide with videos all in 1 place, you can get Dr. Throwdown’s Rudimental Remedies (this is by the same person behind Vic Firth’s guide).

Once you’ve understood the drum rudiment, try playing it at different speeds using a metronome. There are many metronome mobile apps available.

Happy learning!

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